Department of Microbiology



Since the inception of the Rangoon Medical College in 1925, the Department of Bacteriology functioned jointly with the Department of Pathology in terms of administration undet what was known as the Department of Pathology and Bacterioloy. However, Bacterioloyg including Medical Zoology, was taught as separate subjects together with Pathology in the third MBBS undergraduate medical course.
In 1958, the Department became an independent one in the faculty of Medicine of the University of Rangoon, teaching Bacterioloyg, Virology, Parasitology, Mycology and Immunology, Although separated, laboratories and staffs premises continued to be shared with the Department of Pathology.
With the development of the study of microoraganisms which included not only bacteria but also parasites, viruses, fungi and with further advances in  Immunology, a decision was made at the Medical Education  Seminar held in May, 1964 that if would be more appropriate for the former Department of Bacteriology to be known as the Department of Microbiology. This decision was implemented on December 1, 1964 and the Department of Microbiology  formally came into existence.
On December 4 of the same year, the Department of Microbiology shifted of the ground floor of the Institute of Medicine(1), Lanmadaw.
A clinical side-room at the Rangoon  General Hospital, which functioned since the Institute reopended after World War II, was administered jointly  with the Department of Pathology until Fevbruary 1967. From the academic year 1967-68 , the clinical side-room work was conducted in the laboratory of the Department of Microbiology at the Institute of Medicine (1).
Since the opening of the diploma course in 1971, the Department of Microbiology has been affiliated with the Microbiology laboratory of the Yangon General Hospital in terms of training of the postgraduate students as well as rotatiolnal assignments of the teaching staff off and on.

Department Heads

1. Prof.Daw Hpay
MBBS, DTM & H (Eng,),
Dip,Bact,(London), MPH(Harv,), MRCP path (London)
2. Prof.Daw Nyunt Nyunt
MBBS, Dip.bacts, (London), Ph.D (Manchester)
3. Prof.Daw Khin Kyi Kyi
MBBS, Dip.Bact.(London), Ph.D (London)
4. Prof.Ronald Sein Dwe
MBBS, D.Bact.
5. Prof.Daw Mala Maung
MBBS, D.Bact.,Ph.D (London)
6. Prof.Myint Aung
MBBS, D.Bact.
M.Med.Sc(Microbiology), Ph.D(Hon)(Ygn)
7. Prof.Kyi Kyi Thinn
MBBS, D.Bact., Ph.D (London),
Ph.D(Hon),(Ygn),FACTM (Australia)
8. Prof.Wah Win Htike
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
Ph.D (Medical Microbiology), Dip Med.Ed
 (2013-to date)

Senior Teaching Faculty

1. Prof. Mon Mon
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
Ph.D (Medical Microbiology), Dip Med.Ed
2. Dr.Tin Ohn Myat
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
 Associated Professor
3. Dr. Khin May Oo
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
Ph.D (Medical Microbiology), Dip Med.Ed
Associated Professor
4. Dr. Than Than Su
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
 Associated Professor
5. Dr.Aye Marlar Win
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
Ph.D (Medical Microbiology), Dip Med.Ed
 Associated Professor
6. Dr. Hla Nu Kyi
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
  Associated Professor
7. Dr. Nan Nwe Win
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
8. Dr. Nan Nwe Win
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),
9. Dr. Khine Mar Oo
MBBS , M.Med.Sc(Microbiology),

Department of Objectives

At the end of the course of instruction , the learner should be able to:  


Acquire knowledge of the basic principles of Bacteriology, Virology, Immunology, Parasitogy, Mycology  and Applied Microbiology including the nature of pathogenic microorganisms, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis transmission and prevention and control of infectious diseases and immunology –mediated diseases.  


Learn requisite skills in the:
  1. recognition of bacteria and acid –fast bacilli in stained smears of clinical specimens
  2. recognition of helminth eggs and protozoal cysts in stool specimens
  3. recognition of malaria parasite and microfilaria in blood films
  4. interpretation of routine examination of urine
  5. interpretation of rapid tests(ICT) in the diagnosis of infectious diseases


  1. Maintain an interest in the study of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology by appreciating its role in promotive, preventive, curative medicine with special reference to diseases common in Myanmar.
  2. Establish essential habits of continuing self-learbubg through critical reading and evaluation of information in the mentioned fields.
  3. Demonstrate development of sound attitudes in relation to the role of Medical Microbiology in clinical and community medicine.

Prescribed Texts

  1. Microbiology: Volume 1 to 3 , Department of Microbiology, University of Medicine (1), Yangon (Revised 2008)
  2. Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology . Eds. Brooks GF, Carroll KC , Butel JS & Morse SA.Latest edition.McGraw-Hill Co.Inc.

Departmental Research

The Department of Microbiology University of Medicine(1), participated in an international eight country multi-center study of Group b Streptococcus and Bactrial Viagnosis and Other Reproductive tract Infections in Asymptomatic Pregnant Women, organized by the Population Council and the Global Network for Perinatal and Reproductive Health, in 2002. This project was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , United States Agency for International Development (USAID), International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN) and Thomas Jefferson University.
Many other research projects have been done in collaboration with the Department of Medical Research, the National Health Laboratory and  the Microbiology Laboratories of various hospitals, especially the Yangon General Hospital . The main research theme of the Department is on antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance of hospital and community-acquired pathogens.
The Department of Microbiology , University of Medicine(1), collaborated with Parasitology Department of Miyazaki University in doing research on “ Genomic diversity of Strongyloidesis” in Lower Myanmar.
The Department of Microbiology , University of Medicine (1). paraticipated in study of Bloodstream infections at tertiary referred hospitals in Yangon, Myanmar in collaboration with Otago University , Newzeland.
Medical Education research projects “ Perception of 3rd MBBS 7/ 2016 students for the traditional lecture and 2 new learning environments in University of Medicine 1, Yangon ”, “Diagnostic measurement of the educational environment for undergraduate students of University Medicine(1), Yangon, Myanmar using Dundee Ready Education Environment(DREEM) “ and” Myanmar-Korea Medical Education collaboration: General Practitioners’ perception of clinical and procedural needs for undergraduate students of University of Medicine 1, Yangon, Myanmar “ have done in collaboration with Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea in 2014-2015.
Ongoing departmental research in progress are:
  1. Seroprevalence of Taenia solium antigen in epileptic patients attending Neurology OPD, Yangon General Hosptital : A pilot study, Collaborative research with Neurology Department,YGH.
  2. A study of community acquired urinary tract infection caused by Extended Spectrum Betalactamase paroducing Enterobactericeae.