Department of Cardiovascular Surgery


Brief History

The department was established in 1964 as a Cardiac Surgical Department in Yangon General Hospital. The founder and first Cardiac Surgeon was Dr.KhinMaung Thaw. The team included Cardiac Anaesthetist Dr. Tin Maung and Sister Naw Aye Khin. The team started open heart Surgery in 1964 with the Australian Cardiac Surgical Team. Myanmar cardiac surgical team has been doing open heart surgery since 1966. From the late 1970s to 1980, vascular surgery was introduced first for abdominal aortic aneurysm and then for peripheral vascular diseases. The department was named the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and has been giving cardiac as well as vascular surgical services.

The department is also involved in teaching programme of University of Medicine 1, Yangon. The department is situated on the second floor of Cardiac Building in Yangon General Hospital. There are in-patients wards for 40 patients, cardiovascular surgical intensive care unit equipped with 4 ICU beds, high dependency unit for four patients, cardiovascular surgical operating theatre, conference room, lecture room, department library, and department office on the same floor.


1. Dr. Khin Maung Thaw
1964- 1987
2. Prof. Ye Myint
MBBS (YGN), FRCS (Edin), FACC (USA), Dr.Med.Sc, Cardiac Surgery (YGN)
3. Prof. Khin Maung Aye
MBBS (YGN), M.Med.Sc (Surgery)(Credit),FRCS (Edin), MISCS,
FACC (USA) ,Dr.Med.Sc,Cardiac Surgery.(Hon) (ygn)
4. Prof.Khin Maung Lwin
MBBS(YGN)1984,M.Med.Sc (Surgery)1991,FRCS (Glasgow)1995,
FICS ( USA)1996, FRACS (Rowan Nicks Fellow)2005,FAsCC 2008,
Dip Med Education (2008), FACC 2013
From May, 2007 up to present time


Full-time Lecturers

1. Professor Khin Maung Lwin
M.B.,B.S (Ygn), M.Med.Sc ( Surgery),
FRCS (Glas),FACC, FAsCC,FRACS (Rowan Nicks Fellow),
Dip. Medical Education (UPH)
Professor and Head Department of Cardiovascular Surgery(YGH)
2. Dr.Aung Zaw Myo
M.B.,B.S, M.Med.Sc ( Surgery), MRCSEd, FAsCC,
FRACS (Rowan Nicks Fellow)
Associate Professor Department of Cardiovascular Surgery(YGH)

Honorary Professor

1. Professor Khin Maung Aye
M.B.,B.S ( Ygn), M.Med.Sc ( Surgery) (Credit), FRCS (Edin),
MISCS, FACC (USA), Dr.Med.Sc (Hon.) (Ygn)
Former Professor and Head Department of Cardiovascular Surgery(YGH)

Visiting Professors/ Lecturers

1. Professor Paul Robert Vogt
Professor of Cardiovascular Surgery Founder and President EurAsia Heart Foundation Chief Consultant Surgeon Cardiovascular Centre ,Zurich,Switzerland.
2. Professor Hiroshi Niinami
Professor & Chairman Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Women’s Medical University,Hospital Tokyo, Japan
3. Professor Kenny Yoong Kang Sin
Head & Senior Consultant Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery National Heart Centre,Singapore.
4. Professor Michael Yii Yang Yong
Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery St Vincent’s HospitalMelbourne, Australia.
5. Dr. Aye Aye Pyone
M.B.,B.S , M.Med.Sc (Surgery), FRCS (Edin)
Trust Grade Surgeon, Cardiothoracic Surgery University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust Coventry, UK.


  • Management of patients with cardiac and vascular surgical diseases in both elective and emergency situations
  • Contributing to teaching programmes of undergraduate and postgraduate medical and paramedical courses
  • Training postgraduate doctors who have special interest in Cardiovascular Surgery to become efficient Cardiovascular Surgeons
  • Carry out audit, research projects concerning common cardiac problems in Myanmar, new advances in surgical technology, quality of patients’ care
  • Participate in Seminars, Symposiums, Conferences regarding cardiovascular surgery nationally and internationally

Courses Offered

Undergraduate Medical Courses

  • Third year, M.B.,B.S: Cardiovascular Surgery lectures
  • Final Part II, M.B.,B.S: Cardiovascular Surgery lectures & Clinical case teaching

Undergraduate Paramedical Courses

  • Second year Physiotherapy, University of Medical Technology, Yangon: lectures & Clinical teachings.

Postgraduate Medical Courses

  • M.Med.Sc (Cardiovascular Surgery) – University of Medicine (1), 4 years course; lectures, seminars, clinical teaching, operative surgery
  • M.Med.Sc (General Surgery) – 2nd year, University of Medicine (1) and Magway; lectures, seminars, clinical teaching, operative surgery
  • MRCS (pre-exam course), all candidates from whole country: lectuers, discussion ;1 week course or 3-4 sessions in 2-3 months course; assessment- theory and clinical tests in Myanmar & UK.
  • Doctorate of Medical Science (Cardiovascular Surgery) University of Medicine (1) Yangon
  • Doctorate of Medical Science ( Thoracic Surgery) University of Medicine (1) Yangon.

Undergraduate Medical Courses

  • Second year Physiotherapy, University of Medical Technology, Yangon:

Other Courses

  • Refresher courses for GP (vascular & cardiac surgery) – one session, combined with other surgical specialties, under Surgical Society, MMA
  • Basic Surgical Skill course (vascular anastomosis )- one session, combined with other surgical specialties, Surgical Society, MMA

Departmental Research Topics

  1. Requirement of Specific Blood Products Using Thromboelastogram in Cardiopulmonary Bypass Procedures
  2. Use of Radial Artery Conduit in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery in YGH
  3. Clinical Study of Acute Ischaemic Limb
  4. Study of Percutaneous Catheter Drainage for Pericardial Effusion
  5. Study of Role of Euroscore in Open Heart Surgery
  6. Study of Embolectomy in Acute Ischaemic Lower Limb
  7. Study of Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio as a predictor of Amputation after Embolectomy in Acute Ischaemic Lower Limb
  8. Outcomes of Arteriovenous Fistulae created for Haemodialysis
  9. Requirement of Specific Blood Products Using Thromboelastogram in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery
  10. Comparison of Outcomes of Side to Side Versus End to Side Anastomotic Techniques in RadiocephalicArteriovenous Fistulae Creation
  11. Outcomes of Multiple Small Incisions Technique in Harvesting Long Saphenous Vein as a conduit for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery
  12. Use of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index as a screening tool for detection of Peripherial Arterial Disease
  13. Predictive Mortality Rate for Cardiac Surgery patients using European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II)
  14. Effect of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft on Left Ventricular Function
  15. Outcomes of Various Drainage Procedures for Pericardial Effusion
  16. Clinical Outcomes of Aortic Aneurysm
  17. Clinical Outcomes of Tricuspid Regurgitation in Mitral Valve Surgery Patients
  18. Effect of Pericardial Carbon Dioxide Insufflation on Neurocognitive Outcome After Open Heart Surgery
  19. Patency Assessment of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts by using Transit Time Flow Meter
  20. Outcome of Surgical Closure of VSD in patients with severe Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
  21. Postoperative Short Term Outcomes of Endoscopic And Open Vein Harvesting in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
  22. Early of outcome of Tricuspid Valve Annuloplasty Using Autologous Pericardial Strip in Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery- Telephone No. and Email

No Name Phone Number Email
1. Professor Khin Maung Lwin +95 95000874
2. Associate Professor Aung Zaw Myo +95 95174886