Department of Preventive and Social Medicine

 

History

This department was debuted as the Department of Hygiene and Public Health in 1930. It had a part-time lecturer from the Directorate of Health, under Ministry of Health and Education. With the increasing importance of the subject, professorial chair was created in 1957 and the name of the department was changed to the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine. Visiting professors Dr. H. San Martin, M.D., M.P.H., and Dr. F.A.E. Crew, M.D., D.Sc., F.R.S. from the World Health Organization helped with the teaching from 1955 to 1958.

Department Heads

1. Professor Maung Gale (1957-       )
2. Professor Thet Pe (       -1971)
3. Professor Kyaw Tint
MBBS (Ygn), DPH (Toronto)
DTPH (London), MRSH
(1971-1990)
4. Professor Win Naing
MBBS (Ygn), DP & TM (Ygn)
DTPH (London)
(1990-92)
5. Professor Than Win
MBBS (Ygn), DP & TM (Ygn)
MPH (Netherlands)
DrPH (Johns Hopkins)
(1992-95)
6. Professor Tracy Sein
MBBS (Ygn), DP & TM (Ygn)
MSc (MD)(London),
DLSHTM (London)
(1995-2007)
7. Professor Myo Oo
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH),
MPH (Johns Hopkins), Dip Med Edu
(2007-to 2012)
8. Professor Win Myint Oo
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH)
MS.Epidemiology (PH), PhD(PH),Dip Med Ed
(2012-2015)
9. Professor Hla Hla Win
MBBS(Ygn), MMedSc (P&TM)
PhD(PH), Dip Med Ed
(2015-up to now)

Senior Teaching Faculty

1. Dr. Pa Pa Soe
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH),
MS (Health Care Administration (Japan),
PhD (PH), Dip Med Ed
2. Dr. Kay Thi Lwin
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH), Dip Med Ed
3. Dr. Su Htar Lwin
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH), Dip Med Ed
4. Dr. Myat Ohnmar Win
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH)
5. Dr. Kyaw Swa Mya
MBBS (Ygn), MMedSc (PH)
6. Dr. Thae Zarchi Bo
MBBS (Ygn),  MMedSc (PH)
7. Dr. Zar Chi Htwe
MBBS (Ygn), MPH (Ygn)
8. Dr. May Soe Aung
MBBS (Ygn), MPH (Ygn)
9. Dr. Nan Wit Yi Tun
MBBS (Ygn), MPH (Ygn)

Department of Objectives

At the end of an academic year, a Final Part I MB, BS student should be able to:  

Knowledge

  1. Explain the concept of health and approved mechanisms for total health care of communities
  2. Describe the principles of general epidemiology, prevention and control of diseases
  3. Describe the prevention and control of diseases prevalent in Myanmar based upon their epidemiological features
  4. Describe the significance of environmental sanitation as related to prevention and control of diseases
  5. Describe the Health Services Organization and its activities in Myanmar and propose measures to improve them
  6. Describe and discuss the content and scope of National Health Plan in the context of National Health Policies
  7. Identify special risk groups and describe the services available for them
  8. Describe the principles and methods of educating the public on matters relating to health and disease
  9. Describe the quantitative techniques and commonly used indicators for assessment of health
  10. Outline the principles involved in monitoring and evaluation of health programmes
  11. Describe the management of situations associated with mass movement and congregation of people as in national disasters , fairs and festivals
  12. Discuss the concept and practice of Community Medicine and Family Health
  13. Describe the structure and functions of social welfare services in Myanmar
  14. Recognize voluntary nongovernmental organizations and international agencies and their role contributing to the health sectors

Attitude

  1. Appreciate comprehensive health care as inclusive of promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative measures in relation to physical, mental and social factors
  2. Conceive that preventive measures are often more productive than other measures in the long run. This is assessed by the ability to undertake a balanced mix of comprehensive medicine
  3. Appreciate the importance of preventive and social medicine by taking into consideration the preventive and social factors in management of clinical cases
  4. Extend his thinking by looking beyond the clinical case into the likely situation in the community through surveillance procedures
  5. Realize the significance of the team approach, in which he is the leader, by working harmoniously with members of his team
  6. Recognize the role of non-health sectors by involving them in overall health development programmes
  7. Conceive that active involvement of the community is the key approach for successful implementation of health programmes. The extent of conviction is to be assessed by the enthusiasm with which he identifies himself with the community during the course of field training
  8. Maintain an inquiring mind as demonstrated by his willingness to initiate and carry out research activities

Skills

  1. Plan conduct and manage priority health programmes as outlined in the national health plan
  2. Perform correctly under guidance various activities for diagnosis of community health problems
  3. Elicit and present relevant social history of patients in addition to routine clinical history taking with the aim of instituting social therapy if indicated
  4. Organize and conduct health education programme in divergent situations
  5. Perform correctly simple sanitation procedures such as rodent control measures, chlorination of a shallow well, sanitary inspection of factories, bazaars, food stalls, latrines and houses
 

Postgraduate courses

The department offers the Master and Doctoral degree courses in Preventive and Tropical Medicine. Master of Medical Science (P&TM) course started at 2014 and now running with 5 second year students and 8 first year students. PhD (P&TM) course opens at 2015 but no eligible candidates yet. The department has also taught basic statistics, introduction to epidemiology and public health courses to other postgraduate candidates from other disciplines such as Anatomy, Internal Medicine, Skin, STD, TB, Family Medicine, Diploma in Child Health and Diploma in Obsteristics and Gynaecology.

Departmental Objectives for the MPTM course

Upon graduation, the candidate should be able to
  1. demonstrate his/her knowledge of
  • – factors influencing health
  • – social and behavioral aspects of health and disease
  • – components and operation of health care delivery systems
  • – basic and advanced statistical principles and methods
  • – essential Epidemiological and Social Science techniques
  1. promote healthy lifestyles among community members by using appropriate communication and technique thereby improving the Quality of Life of people and the his/her care
  2. undertake preventive and control measures competently against Epidemic & Endemic diseases prevalent in the community with emphasis on Tropical Diseases
  3. lead and manage a health team effectively and efficiently
  4. obtain the trust of people in the community and initiate action on their behave  acquire the habit of Self-directed Learning and practice it so as to remain  contemporary with new developments in medicine